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What is the NIE and how can you get it? 2024

If you are a foreigner and need to carry out any paperwork in Spain, you will probably be asked for the NIE. But, what is the NIE?

The Número de Identidad de Extranjero (NIE) is a necessary document for many procedures, from opening a bank account to buying a property.

The NIE is a personal and non-transferable number assigned to foreigners who carry out procedures in Spain. If you are a foreigner who resides in Spain or plans to visit Spain for a prolonged period, you may need an NIE.

In this article, we will explain everything you need to know about the NIE, how to obtain it, and whether it is recommended to use a lawyer for this process.

Our real estate agency and legal office in La Cala de Mijas, on the Costa del Sol, can help you in the process of obtaining it.

what is the NIE?

qué es el nie what is the nie

What is the NIE?

The Número de Identidad de Extranjero (NIE) is a document that identifies you as a foreigner in Spain.

It is used as a tax identification so that the authorities can track the financial and tax activity of foreigners residing in Spain.

It is a unique number that will allow you to carry out procedures and management in the country.

In addition, it is necessary to pay taxes, open a bank account, or buy a property.

The NIE is a combination of letters and numbers and is issued by the National Police.

Who needs it?

There are different situations in which foreigners need an NIE in Spain. Some examples are:

nie para residentes extranjeros

Foreigners who reside in Spain

Foreigners who reside in Spain for more than three months need to obtain an NIE.

This includes students, workers, and retirees.

Nie para residentes extranjeros

Real estate buyers

Foreigners who want to buy a property in Spain also need an NIE.

This requirement applies even if the property is purchased through a company.

nie para empresas y sociedades

Companies and self-employed individuals

Foreign companies and self-employed individuals who wish to operate in Spain also need an NIE.

The NIE is used as a tax identification for companies and self-employed individuals who wish to open a bank account, sign contracts, issue invoices, and pay taxes.

How to obtain the NIE in Spain?

There are several ways to obtain the NIE in Spain.

  1. The first option is to do it in person at a National Police station. You must request a prior appointment and present the following documents:
  • Official NIE application form (EX-15)
  • Original and photocopy of the complete passport or identity
  • Document Proof of payment of the corresponding fee
  • Document that proves the reason for the NIE request
  1. Another option is to do it through a legal representative or through the Spanish consulate in your country of origin.

In both cases, you must present the required documentation and pay the corresponding fee.

How much does it cost to obtain the NIE?

The cost of obtaining the NIE may vary depending on the National Police station and the fee applied at each moment.

In general, the fee is usually around 10 euros. However, if it is requested through a lawyer or a real estate agency, there may be additional costs for their services.

Is it recommended to use a lawyer to process the NIE?

It is not necessary to use a lawyer to obtain the NIE, but it may be recommended if you are not familiar with the administrative procedures in Spain or if you need legal advice.

A lawyer can help you prepare the necessary documents, request the prior appointment and accompany you to the National Police station to ensure that everything is done correctly.

Our law firm in La Cala de Mijas can help you obtain the NIE

If you decide to obtain the NIE through our law firm, we will assist you throughout the process.

First, we will advise you on the necessary documents and help you prepare them.

Then, we will request the prior appointment at the National Police station and accompany you to the appointment to ensure that everything is done correctly.

In addition, our legal firm in Mijas can help you with other legal procedures in Spain. For example, regarding the taxes you must pay, the documents required for buying or renting a property, and in drafting and reviewing contracts.

Frequently Asked Questions NIE

¿Puedo obtener el NIE sin estar en España?

Sí, se puede obtener el NIE a través del consulado español en tu país de origen o a través de un representante legal.

¿Es obligatorio obtener el NIE para comprar una propiedad en España?

Sí, el NIE es necesario para comprar una propiedad en España.

¿Puedo obtener el NIE si estoy en España como turista?

Sí, se puede obtener el NIE aunque estés en España como turista.

¿Cuál es la documentación necesaria para obtener el NIE?

Se requiere el formulario oficial de solicitud (EX-15), original y copia del pasaporte completo o documento de identidad, justificante de pago de la tasa correspondiente y documento que acredite el motivo de la solicitud del NIE.

¿Cuánto tiempo tarda en caducar el NIE?

El NIE no tiene fecha de caducidad, pero puede perder su validez si no se ha utilizado durante un período prolongado.

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    qué es el nie what is the nie

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